About the IPR
Creativity and innovation are the new drivers of the world economy. Intellectual property refers to creations of the mind.Intellectual property Rights (IPR) plays a dynamic role in enhancing the socio-economic wealth of the country. These rights are outlined in Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which provides for the right to benefit from the protection of moral and material interests resulting from authorship of scientific, literary or artistic productions. The importance of intellectual property was first recognized in the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (1883) and the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (1886). Both treaties are administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
Why promote and protect intellectual property?
There are several compelling reasons.
- The progress and well-being of humanity rest on its capacity to create and invent new works in the areas of technology and culture.
- The legal protection of new creations encourages the commitment of additional resources for further innovation.
- The promotion and protection of intellectual property spurs economic growth, creates new jobs and industries, and enhances the quality and enjoyment of life. The intellectual property system helps strike a balance between the interests of innovators and the public interest, providing an environment in which creativity and invention can flourish, for the benefit of all.
Where India does stands?
The number of patents being filed in India has went up to 58,502 in 2020-21 from 45,444 in 2016-17 and 39,400 in 2010-11.The share of patents granted also increased to 28,391 in 2020-2021 from 9,847 in 2016-17 and 7,509 in 2010-11.Consequently, India climbed 35 ranks since 2015 on the Global Innovation Index to place 46th in 2021.
Despite this growing trend in grant of patents, India is still lagging behind China (530,000), the United States (350,000), Japan (179,000) and South Korea (135,000) in 2020 by a huge margin. Hence, it is of utmost importance to promote IP related activities from all possible corners.
Forms of protection
- Patents: Patent is an exclusive right granted by a country to the owner of an innovation to make, use, manufacture and market the invention, provided the innovation satisfies certain criteria – like having novelty, inventive step and industrial application (please refer FAQs about Patents).
- Copyrights: Copyright is a right granted to the owner for creating an original literary or dramatic or musical or artistic work. Cinematographic films including sound track and video films and recordings on discs, tapes, etc. are also covered under copyrights. Computer programs and software are covered under literary works and are protected under copyrights in India.
- Trademarks: Trademark is a distinctive sign, which identifies certain goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. Trademarks may be one or combination of words, letters, and numerals and may also consist of drawings, symbols, two / three dimensional signs or colours, used as distinguishing features.
- Industrial design: Industrial Design means the features of shape, configuration, pattern, ornament or composition of lines or colours applied to any article by any industrial or manual process or means and which are judged solely by the perception of the eye.
- Geographical indications: Geographical Indications (GI) means an indication which identifies certain agricultural or natural or manufactured goods as originating or manufactured in the territory of a country, or a region or locality in that territory, where a given quality, reputation or other characteristics of such goods is essentially attributable to its geographical origin.
- Layout design of integrated circuits: Layout Design of Integrated Circuit includes a layout of transistors and other circuitry elements and includes lead wires connecting such elements and expressed in any manner in a semiconductor integrated circuit (IC), designed to perform an electronic circuitry function.
- Trade secrets: Trade Secret, also referred as undisclosed information, includes formula, pattern, compilation, programme, device, method, technique or process. It is perhaps the most important form of protection for industries and R&D institutions.
- Plant variety protection: Plant Variety Protection and Farmer’s Rights (PVPFR) is a system for protection of plant varieties, the rights of farmers and plant breeders and to encourage the development of new varieties of plants. Criteria for protection of a new plant variety are distinctness, uniformity, stability, novelty and appropriate denomination (generic designation
IPR Cell, Utkal University
Intellectual property Rights have become significant issue of discussion in last 10-15 year with the emergence of WTO agreement on intellectual property rights. Research and Innovation in our country emerge both from industry as well as academic institutions. In today’s era where intellectual property Rights are globally enforceable, we need to develop a conducive environment where we can impart knowledge of patents, Copyrights, Geographical Indications and other IPRs to our young generation so they can equip to create innovations and can protect their intellectual Property Rights including their innovation and creativity.
After the enactment of the National IPR Policy of 2016, the Science and Technology Department, Government of Odisha through Odisha State Council on Science & Technology Department has established a Patent Information Centre (PIC) to harness the IP potential of the state. The PIC,vide Lr. No. 27564800502017/20/1329/ST, Bhubaneswar Dated 26.02.2018, requested all the state universities to open an IPR Cell to provide a platform to share and discuss the latest development and applications of IPR with practical exposure andto facilitate the local innovators including faculty members, students and research scholars.Accordingly, the University has opened an IPR Cell in May, 2018 with the following objectives:
- To organize awareness programme for students/ faculties/researchers for the economic, social and cultural benefits of IPRs among all sections of the society.
- To assist in simplifying and streamlining of IP processes and furthering IPR awareness, commercialization and enforcement.
- To guide and advise researchers on how to obtain & sustain patents and help them to approach patent information centre (PIC).
- To work as a link between PIC and University and its affiliated colleges.
- To coordinate with Odisha State Council on S & T, Science and Technology Department, Odisha on matters related to IPR.
- To get necessary clearances from competent authorities while filling patents and other IPRs like copyrights registration and design registration, etc. through PIC.
- To workout modalities on behalf of universities for commercialization of patented technologies.
- To keep a record of all the activities conducted by the IPR Cell along with the patent information of the institute.
- To arrange financial assistance for filing patents.
The IPR Cellis trying to generate IPR consciousness through organization of workshops and awareness programmes for students, researchers and faculties of the university.The Cell is trying to amalgamate an IPR culture and to think of innovations which can lead to development of potential IPs. Interdisciplinary research and university-institution-industry collaboration is another focus of the cell.
To create awareness on the significance of IPR amongst the researchers and academia from various sectors, IPR Cell of Utkal University provides a platform through various workshops and interactive sessions among faculties and researchers.
|1||The Chairman||P G Council, Utkal University|
|2||Director||R & D, Utkal University|
|3||Director||IQAC, Utkal University|
|4||Prof. N. Das||Department of Chemistry, Utkal University|
|5||Dr. Mrutyunjay Panda||Department of Computer Science, Utkal University|
|6||Head||Department of Psychology, Utkal University|
|7||Dr. S. S. Debasish||Department of Business Administration, Utkal University|
|8||Dr. GunanidhiSahoo||Faculty-in-Charge, IPR Cell, Utkal University|